Bioinformatics In Disease Research And Treating

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary scientific field that comes up with ways and tools to aid in understanding biological information and data. Bioinformatics jobs use skills, tools and experience from engineering, computer science, mathematics and biology in data analysis and interpretation. Bioinformatics is used in medicine to understand the genetic makeup of different diseases, any adaptations that may be unique to the disease among other things. In short, this field has enhanced the efficient diagnosis and treatment of certain diseases. Identification of the root problem of genetic diseases also gives doctors the chance to treat the root cause of the problem -- for those diseases and conditions that are curable - as opposed to managing the symptoms over time.

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Cystic fibrosis

This is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs, the digestive track and organs. This disease is usually life threatening and it is incurable. However, it can be managed through medicine. Most of the time, it takes time to get the correct diagnosis which gives time for the disease to progress to life threatening stages. Being a genetic disorder, the patient carries defective genes in all cells in their body, part of what makes it hard to diagnose. With the use of bioinformatics, it becomes easier to identify either through gene therapy or genomic disease pathways. The earlier the disease is identified, the better it is for the client.

Alzheimer's disease

This is a neurodegenerative disease, usually chronic and becomes worse as time progresses. The causes of Alzheimers are not clearly understood although it is believed that genetics play around 70% in increasing the risk of this complicated diseases where a number of genes are believed to play a part. Alzheimer's disease causes between 60 and 70% dementia cases. Given the high rate at which the disease progresses, early diagnosis could lead to better management and therefore prolonging the life of the patient. It is estimated that a patient has on average between three to nine years to live after the diagnosis.

Other Diseases

Genetics are believed to play a major role in the development of type one diabetes. This means that it is passed from one generation to another. This type of diabetes can develop in a matter of weeks compared to type two that may take several years to manifest. Studying the genes of patients is essential in trying to identify how the condition can be managed better or in coming up with a cure. Besides diabetes, bioinformatics can also be used in identification and management of infertility, Severe Combined Immunodeficiency and breast cancer.